Research – Development Approaches to Forced Displacement in the Syria Region

Large groups of people have fled Syria as a result of the war there. By far the majority of displaced Syrians have ended up in Syria's neighbouring countries. The Dutch programmes on hosting refugees in their region of origin provide support to displaced persons and host communities. The Netherlands focuses specifically on protection, education and employment for refugees and vulnerable groups in the host countries.

Central question

What has been the Dutch contribution to enhancing prospects for Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, and how can this contribution be improved?


  1. IOB considers it important to include the voices of beneficiaries of Dutch DAFD policy, both refugees and host communities, in its research. IOB will therefore work with a specialist team to conduct online conversations with a panel of respondents in Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon about the priorities of refugees and host communities, aspects of economic and social participation, and the results of donor support. 

  2. IOB commissioned a literature study, which was conducted by University College London (UCL), synthesising evidence on the following themes:

  • factors that influence refugees’ decisions to either stay in Iraq, Jordan or Lebanon or to move onwards to third countries;
  • social cohesion and refugees’ participation in host communities;
  • economic participation and the economic impact of refugees on local economies in Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon.


IOB evaluates Dutch Development Approaches to Forced Displacement policy in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq to draw lessons from the response to protracted forced displacement and make recommendations for future policy and its implementation. The study will focus particularly on:

  • The relevance of Dutch interventions from the perspective of the identified objectives, but also from the objective of the needs of refugees and host communities, with specific attention for women and girls;\
  • The coherence of Dutch Development Approaches to Forced Displacement with broader Dutch interventions in the region, with interventions of other donors, and with policies of host countries;
  • The effectiveness of Dutch policy – have Dutch interventions contributed to the improvement of perspectives of refugees and the communities that host them?
  • The efficiency of policy implementation.


Bas Limonard - contact person
Stephanie Bouman
Peter Henk Eshuis
Charlotte van Eijk


  1. Ready: Exploration
  2. Ready: Terms of Reference adopted
  3. In process: Research in progress
  4. Report adopted
  5. Drafting policy response
  6. Report to parliament