Terms of Reference - Evaluation of Dutch involvement in the UN’s MINUSMA mission

These Terms of Reference comprise a short description of MINUSMA, the Dutch contribution to it, the proposed research design for the evaluation and the associated planning and staffing. In May 2019, after five years, the participation of Dutch military units in the MINUSMA (Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali) UN mission was provisionally ended. The UN mission had been established in 2013 in response to the sharply deteriorating security situation in Mali, where in the previous year armed conflict had broken out between the Malian government army and Tuareg separatists supported by Islamic fundamentalists linked to al-Qaeda.